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Geographica Helvetica
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Volume 61, issue 4
Geogr. Helv., 61, 275–285, 2006
https://doi.org/10.5194/gh-61-275-2006
© Author(s) 2006. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Geogr. Helv., 61, 275–285, 2006
https://doi.org/10.5194/gh-61-275-2006
© Author(s) 2006. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  31 Dec 2006

31 Dec 2006

Traditional ecological knowledge and biodiversity management in the Andes of southern Ecuador

P. Pohle and A. Gerique P. Pohle and A. Gerique
  • Institute of Geography, Friedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Kochstrasse 4/4, 91054 Erlangen, Germany

Abstract. The tropical mountain rainforests of the eastern Andean slopes in southern Ecuador have an extraordinary rich biodiversity. At the same time. these sensitive ecosystems are vulnerable because of the extension of agricultural land, the extraction of timber, mining activities, the tapping of water resources and similar anthropogenic intrusions. Ethno-specific knowledge of the tropical rainforest ecosystem was determined in sample communities of the Shuar, the Saraguros and the Mestizo-Colonos – particularly with respect to the natural forest resources and their uses. Ethnoecological and agrogeographical research methods were used to document the indigenous knowledge of traditionally utilized wild and eultivated plants, to analyze current forms of land use (including the traditional cultivation of forest and home gardens), and to evaluate ethno-specific survival strategies and strategies of biodiversity management.

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