Articles | Volume 78, issue 1
https://doi.org/10.5194/gh-78-157-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/gh-78-157-2023
Standard article
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17 Mar 2023
Standard article |  | 17 Mar 2023

Friedrich Ratzel, géographie et sciences sociales en France (1890–1918) – Centralité et distanciations

Marie-Claire Robic

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Short summary
At the end of XIXth century, French authors shared a posture that mixed admiration and criticism toward German science. Reference to Ratzel was used both for structuring human geography and feeding a struggle between geographers and other social scientists. Divergences with Ratzel’s work deepened during the war and lead geographers to revisit his key notion, Raum, by giving it a pragmatic sense in the light of pangermanism and interpreting it not as mere expanse but as a process of enlargement.