Articles | Volume 78, issue 1
Standard article
17 Mar 2023
Standard article |  | 17 Mar 2023

Friedrich Ratzel, géographie et sciences sociales en France (1890–1918) – Centralité et distanciations

Marie-Claire Robic

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Cited articles

Anon. : Avis au lecteur, Ann. Géogr., 1, I–VII, 1891. 
Anon. : Préface, L'Année sociologique, 1897, I–VIII, 1898. 
Auerbach, B. : Cours de géographie. Leçon d’ouverture, Annales de l’Est, 2, 44–66, 1888. 
Auerbach, B. : Dr W. Götz. Die Verkehrswege im Dienste des Welthandels, Revue de Géographie, 25, 139–151, 1889. 
Auerbach, B. : L'évolution des conceptions et de la méthode en géographie, Journal des Savants, 309–320, 1908. 
Short summary
At the end of XIXth century, French authors shared a posture that mixed admiration and criticism toward German science. Reference to Ratzel was used both for structuring human geography and feeding a struggle between geographers and other social scientists. Divergences with Ratzel’s work deepened during the war and lead geographers to revisit his key notion, Raum, by giving it a pragmatic sense in the light of pangermanism and interpreting it not as mere expanse but as a process of enlargement.