Articles | Volume 78, issue 1
Standard article
16 Feb 2023
Standard article |  | 16 Feb 2023

Ratzel contre la géopolitique ? Référence allemande et géographie politique dans la géographie française de l'entre-deux-guerres

Nicolas Ginsburger

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Cited articles

Ancel, J. : Geopolitik et géographie politique, Revue d'Allemagne et des pays de langue allemande, août, 6e année, Editions Montaigne, Paris, 672–693, ISSN 0151-1947, 1932. 
Ancel, J. : Géopolitique, Delagrave, Paris, 1936. 
Ancel, J. : Géographie des frontières, Gallimard, Paris, 1938. 
Ancel, J. : Slaves et Germains, Armand Colin, Paris, 1945. 
Barral-Baron, M. and Joutard, P. (dir.) : Lucien Febvre face à l'Histoire, PUR, ISBN 978-2-7535-7819-7, 2019. 
Short summary
The French geographers of the inter-war period considered the figure of Ratzel with admiration and criticism and tried to go beyond his work, and even to use it against his heirs, in particular the supporters of Geopolitik. Throughout the crises and world wars that gave him a persistent relevance, his image oscillated between that of a precursor scholar and a bad teacher of geography, largely responsible for Germany's excesses and territorial ambitions.