Articles | Volume 69, issue 5
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
The production of bedspace: prison privatization and abstract space
M. L. Mitchelson
Department of Geography & Anthropology, Kennesaw State University, Georgia, USA
Related subject area
Human GeographyFriedrich Ratzel, géographie et sciences sociales en France (1890–1918) – Centralité et distanciationsWas sind kulturelle Gedächtnisräume? – Erinnern, Raum und das kulturelle Gedächtnis nach Aleida und Jan AssmannDependent or not? From a daily practice of Earth observation research in the Global South to promoting adequate developmental spaces in science and technology studiesSensing weather: scientific and experiential modes of knowledge production for small-scale farming in western KenyaGroßraum versus Lebensraum. Die Interdependenzen geographischer, juristischer und rassenbiologischer OrdnungsvorstellungenRatzel contre la géopolitique ? Référence allemande et géographie politique dans la géographie française de l'entre-deux-guerresResonanz und Rezeption. Werk und Wirkung Friedrich Ratzels im internationalen VergleichApplying Friedrich Ratzel's political and biogeography to the debate on natural borders in the Italian context (1880–1920)Das Theater mit den Wissenschaften: Affektive Atmosphären einer künstlerisch-kollaborativen Bearbeitung der Klimakrise„Wir sind hier, wir sind laut“ – Artikulationen von Emotionen der Nähe auf FahrraddemonstrationenDal Lebensraum allo spazio vitale – la ricezione politica del pensiero di Ratzel in Italia, 1900–1943Modellierung klimaneutraler Energielandschaften – eine kritische Reflexion regionaler Strategien zum Ausbau erneuerbarer Energien unter Berücksichtigung des Zwei-Grad-ZielsPerspektivenwechsel der Politischen Ökologie – Back to the roots!Mortalität aus kritischer Perspektive sehen – Plädoyer für eine kritische Diskussion struktureller Einflüsse auf die SterblichkeitCarceral Geographies/Geographien des Einschlusses: ein neues Feld für die deutschsprachige Geographie?A theory for the “Anglo-Saxon mind”: Ellen Churchill Semple's reinterpretation of Friedrich Ratzel's AnthropogeographieAnthropogeographie im Anthropozän, der Anthropos und darüber hinaus: Lektüre von Helmuth PlessnerBetween climates of fear and blind optimism: the affective role of emotions for climate (in)actionCross-fertilizing knowledge, translation, and topologies: learning from urban housing policies for policy mobility studiesShifting spatial patterns in German population trends: local-level hot and cold spots, 1990–2019Imaginäre Naturverhältnisse: Psychoanalytische Einsichten zur Herstellung ontologischer Sicherheit in Berlin, Vancouver und SingapurBlended finance, transparent data, and the complications of waters' multiple ontologiesGeographien von Wahlkampf, Medien und Gewalt: Extrem rechte Bewegungen aus assemblagetheoretischer PerspektiveSwiss human geographies lecture 2019 tourism troubles: feminist political ecologies of land and body in PanamaQualitative visualisation – perspectives and potentials for population geographyGlobalizing geography before Anglophone hegemony: (buried) theories, (non-)traveling concepts, and “cosmopolitan geographers” in San Miguel de Tucumán (Argentina)Abolitionistische Impulse für eine Sozialgeographie institutioneller RäumeMore than words: Comics als narratives Medium für Mehr-als-menschliche GeographienFamily and space – an interpretive perspective on two central concepts in population geographyDas tansanische Reisfeld als lebendes Labor? Eigenlogiken des Übersetzungsprozesses einer technologiezentrierten Pilotstudie in ein AgrarentwicklungsprojektMistranslating refuge crops: analyzing policy mobilities in the context of Indian Bt cotton productionKritisches Kartieren als reflexive Praxis qualitativer Forschung“It makes the buzz” – putting the demographic dividend under scrutinyReproductive Justice: Impulse für intersektionale BevölkerungsgeographienTauchgänge zur German TheoryNeue Pioniere in ostalpinen Peripherräumen: die Wiederbelebung von Geisterdörfern und partiellen Wüstungen in FriaulTerritorial justice and equity criteria – spatial planning in TicinoZusammenhalts-Regionen – zur Theorie der Weltgesellschaft in der SozialgeographieAnerkennung und ontologische (Un-)Sicherheit von migrantischen Care-Arbeiterinnen in Singapur: Zur Bedeutung von Sichtbarkeit und ZugehörigkeitDetention Centers als vernetzte Räume des Einschlusses? Eine gouvernementalitätstheoretische Perspektiverweiterung am Beispiel LesvosKiel 1969: Ein Erinnerungsort der GeographieProducing virtual reality (VR) field trips – a concept for a sense-based and mindful geographic educationOn the role of cultures of (out-)migration in the migration decisions of young people in shrinking regions of Central GermanyIntroduction to the special issue “Climate and marine justice – debates and critical perspectives”Kiel 1969: Ein quellenkritischer Blick auf Tradierungsprozesse als „Arbeit am Mythos““We are prisoners, not inmates”: prison letters as liminal counter-carceral spacesStaying and immobility: new concepts in population geography? A literature reviewGlokalisierung und Feminisierung: Zur strukturellen Krise von Lohnarbeit im europäischen RaumI have a garden on the Internet! Searching for the farmer in a remotely controlled farming enterpriseRegenerierung von Innenstädten unter Schrumpfungsbedingungen. Evaluation eines Städtewettbewerbs und Analyse dessen Rolle für Klein- und Mittelstädte in Sachsen
Geogr. Helv., 78, 157–167,Short summary
At the end of XIXth century, French authors shared a posture that mixed admiration and criticism toward German science. Reference to Ratzel was used both for structuring human geography and feeding a struggle between geographers and other social scientists. Divergences with Ratzel’s work deepened during the war and lead geographers to revisit his key notion, Raum, by giving it a pragmatic sense in the light of pangermanism and interpreting it not as mere expanse but as a process of enlargement.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 143–155,Short summary
The cultural memory of Aleida and Jan Assmann has received little recognition in international geography. However, by focusing on the concerns of a geographical study of places of memory, it is possible to develop a spatially oriented conception of cultural memory spaces based on the assumption that places of memory cannot be a storage, but only an anchor for memories.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 105–130,Short summary
Policymakers and academics primarily discuss the use of data from Earth observation (EO) satellites by developing countries, to promote development, at a theoretical level. Accordingly, based on interviews and other methods, this paper looks at practices and experiences of researchers, who use such data in southwest Nigeria, arguing that we need to develop more collaborative and appreciative perspectives on science in developing countries to address our global challenges.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 87–98,Short summary
Drawing on qualitative research on the production and use of weather information for small-scale farmers in western Kenya in the context of a changing climate, this paper shows how navigating the uncertainties of the weather is enabled by a combination of scientific and experiential knowledge. Inspired by work in science and technology studies, I argue that these different forms of knowing should not be treated in opposition but as connected resources through which farmers relate to their world.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 75–85,Short summary
This article analyses the transformation of geographic, international legal and racial-biological relations within large-scale theories. The change in discourse implies the question of the extent to which geographical knowledge was relevant for the Nazi extermination policy; at the same time, the focus is on the shift from a description of human communities based on natural laws to an action-based programme of racial-biological homogenization.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 65–74,Short summary
The French geographers of the inter-war period considered the figure of Ratzel with admiration and criticism and tried to go beyond his work, and even to use it against his heirs, in particular the supporters of Geopolitik. Throughout the crises and world wars that gave him a persistent relevance, his image oscillated between that of a precursor scholar and a
bad teacherof geography, largely responsible for Germany's excesses and territorial ambitions.
Ulrike Jureit and Patricia Chiantera-Stutte
Geogr. Helv., 78, 59–63,Short summary
The text explains the main topics and conceptual arguments of the theme issue on the diverse reception of Ratzel's spatial theories in Italy, France, Germany and the USA. The focus is both on the different national academic traditions and on an interdisciplinary approach. The work and impact of Friedrich Ratzel between 1880 and 1945 are examined in the perspective of a history of transformation based on the history of knowledge.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 41–52,Short summary
The paper examines the contribution of Italian academic geography to the processes of nation-building between ca. 1880–1920, especially in defining the national space and its boundaries. Italian geographers were particularly influenced by new approaches introduced by German scholars such as Friedrich Ratzel. Scientific theories and representations proved highly significant in influencing the political debate.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 15–27,Short summary
This article examines a collaborative theatre project on the climate crisis from an autoethnographic perspective. The collaboration of scientists and artists created affective atmospheres that opened up spaces for reflection on scientific practice in the context of posthumanist theories: To what extend do we perceive our material environment as powerful? How are bodies and affects entangled in knowledge production? In what ways we still reproduce dualisms and fixed identities?
Philip Boos and Gesa Jessen
Geogr. Helv., 78, 1–13,Short summary
Wir untersuchen wie BürgerInneninitiativen im Kontext emotionalisierter Umweltwahrnehmungen Rhetoriken von Nähe nutzen, um sichere Fahrradinfrastruktur einzufordern. Wir zeigen durch Bild- und Sprachanalysen wie Anliegen von Sicherheit und Lebensqualität in einer Sprache der Nähe artikuliert werden. Nahes wird so zum Eigenen und Selbstbestimmten. Diese Raumaneignungen markieren Fahrraddemonstrationen als relevante Protestform, die Emotionen transformieren und Umweltwahrnehmungen intensivieren.
Geogr. Helv., 77, 547–558,Short summary
The paper explores the reception and re-elaboration of Friedrich Ratzel's political geography in Italy from the beginning of the 20th century to the Second World War, by focusing on the concept of
spazio vitale(living space) and its use by fascist intellectuals and propagandists, who promoted expansionism and the trilateral collaboration with Germany and Japan.
Stephan Bosch and Dominik Kienmoser
Geogr. Helv., 77, 523–546,Short summary
We modelled potential regional energy landscapes that can be derived from the two-degree target and visualised them based on Geographical Information Systems by using five scenarios involving changes to the planning guidelines. The analyses reveal that the development of a carbon-neutral energy system is possible. Yet the potential spatial patterns of renewable energies differ considerably.
Helmut J. Geist
Geogr. Helv., 77, 511–522,Short summary
Political ecology emerged half a century ago and was introduced in German speaking countries twenty years later. The article evaluates perspectives (views, arguments, positions) of the first generation of research and compares them with second generation research. It is argued that old and new approaches are to be blamed for their ambivalence towards policy. With a focus on emancipatory perspectives, a repositioning is suggested on radical geography roots.
Geogr. Helv., 77, 505–510,Short summary
With this contribution (which is designed as a positioning), the author pleads for a more consistent consideration of structural influences in the discussion of mortality in (textbook) population geography, and for a critical discussion of these influences. He refers to various conceptions that already have fixed places in human geography – but not in population geography – and that offer starting points for corresponding discussions.
Marina Richter and Anna Katharina Schliehe
Geogr. Helv., 77, 487–498,Short summary
While a broad debate on carceral geographies has been part of human geography and related disciplines in English-speaking academia, there are only scarce publications among German-speaking geographers. This special issue aims at bringing different researchers and their rich and diverse research insights in the carceral field into a dialogue.
Geogr. Helv., 77, 467–478,Short summary
This paper examines the intellectual relationship between the influential American geographer Ellen Churchill Semple and her professor, the German geographer Friedrich Ratzel. Semple clearly developed her own theory of anthropogeography from a reading of Ratzel. But she did so in a political context, i.e. post-slavery North America. Her theory clearly expresses that context and her dissatisfaction with particular elements in Ratzel's corpus.
Serge Middendorf, Sebastian Purwins, and Christina Walter
Geogr. Helv., 77, 459–466,Short summary
In (Anthropo-)Geography, especially in the Anthropocene, the question of what constitutes the human is of utmost interest. In the process, this
humanis often strangely assumed to be self-evident, almost (self-)explanatory. In the sense of a German Theory, we want to encourage to pose these question on the human anew with Helmuth Plessner and to point out new possible answers. Otherwise these questions are in danger of withering away into a
Lena Maria Schlegel
Geogr. Helv., 77, 421–431,Short summary
Emotions play an underestimated role for how humans make meaning about their place in the world and respond to problems. What is most puzzling about climate inaction is that it occurs in spite of the overwhelming knowledge about the problem at stake. By looking at how emotions connect knowledge and action in how humans respond to environmental problems, we can better understand how climate inaction can persist and how transformative change might be enabled.
Geogr. Helv., 77, 405–416,Short summary
This article reviews concepts for understanding how urban housing policies are mobilized in between cities and localized in particular contexts. The article brings geographical understandings of local knowledge, translation, and topological thinking into conversation with the contemporary mobilities turn in housing studies. The article offers a nuanced conceptualization of the movement of housing policies in between cities and enhances future empirical studies on urban housing policy.
Tim Leibert, Manuel Wolff, and Annegret Haase
Geogr. Helv., 77, 369–387,Short summary
Population development of German municipalities is characterised by pronounced regional disparities. In recent years, we have witnessed population growth in most large cities and their suburban hinterlands and shrinkage in structurally weak rural areas. We shed new light on the patterns, trends and drivers of population development between 1990 and 2019. Using spatial autocorrelation and hot-spot–cold-spot analysis, we identify short- and long-term population trajectories.
Lucas Pohl and Ilse Helbrecht
Geogr. Helv., 77, 389–401,Short summary
In den letzten Jahren hat die Wissenschaft vermehrt das "Ende der Natur" proklamiert. Im Anthropozän verliert die Natur ihre Existenz als Gegenpol zur menschlichen Welt, was zu tiefgreifenden Verunsicherungen der Subjekte führt. Im Gegensatz hierzu zeigen wir auf, dass die Natur - als phantastischer Raum jenseits des Alltags - auch unter heute noch sicherheitsstiftend auf Subjekte wirkt und adressieren hierbei auch die Ambivalenzen und Probleme, die mit dieser Persistenz der Natur einhergehen.
Geogr. Helv., 77, 357–367,Short summary
This article questions an essentialist view of modern water, finding new relevance regarding models of
blended financethat rely on transparent data of digital systems to close the financing gap in water provision. Ethnographically tracing the implementation of pay-as-you-go (PAYGo) water dispensers in two settings in Kenya, I show that the transparent performance data form part of the enactment of only one water reality amidst multiple waters in relation to their sociotechnical environments.
Thilo Wiertz and Tobias Schopper
Geogr. Helv., 77, 345–356,Short summary
The article suggests that assemblage theory offers a fruitful approach to study territorializing and de-territorializing tendencies of far-right movements given its relational approach to discourses, materialities and affects. It redirects attention to the geographies of election battles, helps to interrogate the mediated geopolitics of far-right movements, and allows examining the territorialization of discourses and affects by considering differentiating geographies of fear and anger.
Geogr. Helv., 77, 327–340,Short summary
This paper highlights the continuity of settler-colonial relations within tourism landscapes. This work highlights how land control is both material and embodied.
Kristine Beurskens, Frank Meyer, and Francis Harvey
Geogr. Helv., 77, 317–322,Short summary
Population geography shows a marked trend towards the increased relevance of qualitative research methods. The article discusses how the visualisation of qualitative research in particular has the potential to provide impulses for progressive developments of both theoretical and methodological dimensions of population geography research. The opportunities call for systematic exploration and exchange on qualitative visualisation and on the conditions for its further development.
Gerhard Rainer and Simon Dudek
Geogr. Helv., 77, 297–311,Short summary
This paper aims to contribute to discussions on the development of language-based
schools of thoughtin geography and how these are mobilized and de- and recontextualized when they travel beyond their origins. Against this backdrop, we study why, how and with what consequences German geographical knowledge traveled to Argentina in the 1940s following the employment of the four German geography professors Wilhelm Rohmeder, Gustav Fochler-Hauke, Fritz Machatschek and Willi Czajka in Tucumán.
Geogr. Helv., 77, 289–295,Short summary
This intervention argues for a German carceral geography that takes the framework of abolition seriously to develop a deeper understanding and critique of the exercise of power in institutional spaces. My claim is that we need to adapt abolition as a theoretical perspective and form of knowledge that allows us to expand the analysis of carceral practices and rationalities beyond imprisonment to include other institutional spaces of racialising, classing and disabling marginalisation.
Geogr. Helv., 77, 271–287,Short summary
This paper investigates the potential of comics in more-than-human geographies, arguing that graphic narratives emerge as productive tools to reveal
the in_betweenof humans and nonhumans. It further describes an exemplary approach to a collaborative comic and how visceral or nonverbal aspects in human-animal relations can be expressed and experienced, using the empirical study of returning wolves to Switzerland.
Giulia Montanari and Tino Schlinzig
Geogr. Helv., 77, 255–262,Short summary
Population geography presents a strong conceptual orientation on demography, a discipline which relies mainly on quantitative studies. Many of the concepts used in this field seem to have only very limited value for understanding ongoing processes of societal changes. Under the umbrella of
family studiesconceptual and methodical approaches are to be found that help reconsider established assumptions related to the term
population, such as the notion of
Geogr. Helv., 77, 239–252,Short summary
My ethnographic work in a technological pilot project in southern Tanzania provides insights into the test of an AI system to foster agriculture based on digital information in order to boost the development of rural areas. The experimental combination of a development project and the testing of a digital technology perpetuates the metaphor of Tilley's "Africa as a living laboratory", especially in the postcolonial context, and calls for a critical approach to these ventures.
Katharina Najork and Markus Keck
Geogr. Helv., 77, 213–230,Short summary
We follow the refuge crop policy adopted worldwide to delay the evolution of pest resistance in insects to genetically engineered cotton. We aim to deconstruct the prevalent narrative of accusing farmers for not complying with insect resistance management strategies as we adopt the perspectives of subaltern actors involved in the refuge policy assemblage. Methodologically, we applied a literature review, document analysis and descriptive and interpretative statistics, and cluster analysis.
Geogr. Helv., 77, 153–163,Short summary
Qualitative research in geography and visual geographies have an ambivalent relationship with maps. Reasons for this are manifold. Based on current discussions in geography and beyond, this article explores and systematizes practices of critical mapping in order to explore new connections between visual approaches of qualitative geographies and maps.
Michael Hilbig, Elke Loichinger, and Bernhard Köppen
Geogr. Helv., 77, 141–151,Short summary
The demographic dividend (DD) is one of the most important concepts within development cooperation. It was high time that the concept of the DD was put under scrutiny. Our findings reveal that simplistic demographic explanations for economic growth are appealing to political leaders and decision makers. We argue that the promotion of the DD to decision makers works as a low-level vehicle to achieve support for broader sets of multi-sectoral policies, which we call a
Geogr. Helv., 77, 133–139,Short summary
Im Sinne einer feministischen wissenschaftskritischen Intervention, formuliere ich in diesem Beitrag zwei Impulse für eine intersektionalen bevölkerungsgeographische Wissensproduktion über reproduktive Ungleichheiten. Dazu mobilisiere ich das von Schwarzen Feministinnen entwickelte Konzept der reproductive justice.
Benedikt Korf, Eberhard Rothfuß, and Wolf-Dietrich Sahr
Geogr. Helv., 77, 85–96,Short summary
In diesem Editorial begründen wir die intellektuelle Agenda, die dem Themenheft «German Theory» zugrunde liegt. Um diese mit anglophonen, aber auch anderen (frankophonen, lusophonen) Theoriediskussionen ins Gespräch zu bringen, möchten wir aus der deutschsprachigen Geistesgeschichte entstandene Denkstile bewusster, autonomer, aber auch dialogischer in den Blick nehmen, in internationale Theoriedebatten einbringen, und so für eine Pluralität von Denkstilen werben.
Michael Beismann, Peter Čede, and Ernst Steinicke
Geogr. Helv., 77, 71–84,Short summary
In Friulanischen Gebirgsdörfern, die durch starke Abwanderung (teilweise) wüst gefallen waren (Geisterdörfer), führt pionierhafte Zuwanderung von Landwirten, Remigranten, Künstlern, Selbständigen etc. zu Revitalisierung und Erhalt der alpinen Kulturlandschaft und zu innovativen Strukturen wie
New Farming. Besonders multilokal lebende Personen sind ausschlaggebend für die aktuelle Aufwertung: Hier für das Aupatal nachgewiesen, ist dies in den meisten alpinen Peripherräumen bereits beobachtbar.
Geogr. Helv., 76, 459–469,Short summary
This paper analyses two master plans of the canton Ticino from a philosophical point of view – the first one from 1990, Keynesian, and the second one from 2009, neoliberal. This type of analysis, by showing the political and moral concepts and criteria underlying a master plan, favours their political discussion and thus, ultimately, the implementation of a more inclusive planning process.
Peter Dirksmeier and Angelina Göb
Geogr. Helv., 76, 449–454,Short summary
The essay combines the concept of social cohesion with Rudolf Stichweh’s system-theoretical concept of world society. These two approaches are combined hereafter with questions of spatial differentiation. The aim is to embed empirical micro-studies in macro-theoretical terms and to make them useful for empirical research in social geography and spatial science. The construct of “cohesive region” demonstrates this by using the example of urban neighbourhoods.
Janina Dobrusskin and Ilse Helbrecht
Geogr. Helv., 76, 425–436,Short summary
Migrant domestic workers develop psychosocial well-being, based on their subjective embodied positioning, which can analytically be grasped through the concept of ontological (in)security. The women perceive and produce ontological (in)security through the spatial dimensions of visibility and belonging. Experiencing visibility and belonging benefits their sense of security and well-being. The results show the relevance of implementing regulations for more possible whereabouts of the women.
Geogr. Helv., 76, 437–448,Short summary
The article analyses the role of detention centres within refugee camps. Why is it important for the functioning of the refugee camp? How is the detention centre linked to other elements within and outside of the camp through certain practices? The former refugee camp of Moria serves as an example. It turns out that mostly asylum seekers with low recognition rates are detained in order to prevent the provision of information and help from outside in order to make a negative decision more likely.
Benedikt Korf and Ute Wardenga
Geogr. Helv., 76, 381–384,Short summary
In this editorial, we introduce the special section on the politics of memory of
Kiel 1969, the famous German geographers' conference, in which, as the myth narrates, a revolution took place within the discipline of German-language geography. We introduce the three individual statements by Verne, Strohmayer and Weichhart, who all recount their entanglements with the myth of
Kiel 1969, and place them in a wider context of the history of geography.
Katharina Mohring and Nina Brendel
Geogr. Helv., 76, 369–380,Short summary
The paper discusses how virtual reality (VR) could make a difference to geographic education. A key argument is that virtual immersive environments were acquired affectively and emotionally by users. This should be considered for the processes of consuming, producing, and mediating geographic knowledge via and with VR. To discuss this a teaching and research project is presented in which students produced VR field trips based on empiric research in the cities of Vienna and Berlin.
Frank Meyer and Tim Leibert
Geogr. Helv., 76, 335–345,Short summary
Based on a critique of statistical and cartographic analyses of migration patterns of young adults in rural areas of Central Germany, we conclude that there is an emergence of cultures of (out-)migration in some rural regions and discuss possible approaches from psychoanalytically informed migration research and complex systems theory that may help us to understand why, in these regions, adolescents often consider leaving the most viable option.
Anna Lena Bercht, Jonas Hein, and Silja Klepp
Geogr. Helv., 76, 305–314,Short summary
This special issue shows that environmental justice perspectives are useful for analysing current socio-ecological conflicts. It aims at exploring climate and marine narratives, environmental knowledge claims, multiple ontologies, climate change adaptation, and the spatial and temporal shaping of socio-ecological struggles for climate and marine justice in more detail. Furthermore, it takes up current strands of climate and marine justice scholarship and explores avenues for further research.
Geogr. Helv., 76, 299–303,Short summary
By means of hermeneutic source criticism, my paper investigates how the events of “Kiel 1969” gave rise to a myth. It concludes that the congress’s participants experienced “Kiel 1969” as the site of an enormously dense social interaction within their science. Most importantly, participants’ suggestive oral reports in the aftermath of the congress turned it into the “myth of Kiel”, which became an essential driving force of German-speaking geography’s modernization.
Geogr. Helv., 76, 289–297,Short summary
This article discusses the methodological and ethical challenges of researching prison letters through a narrative approach. After giving insight into the work of the OLGa Collective and its archive of letters, I problematise the environment of prison spaces that shape inmates' subjectivities and then develop a discussion of the narrative approach by exploring the author's role as booklet editor and researcher, spanning activism and academia and his quest of
speaking for others.
Geogr. Helv., 76, 275–284,Short summary
The field of population geography in the last few years has intensively focussed on populations that are on the move. While the topic of migration is of great interest and will also be in the future, researchers have also started to focus more on immobile populations. In this paper, literature on immobile populations has been collected and analysed. The paper concludes on what we already know about
immobilitiesfrom extant research and makes suggestions for future research.
Geogr. Helv., 76, 261–273,Short summary
Der Artikel diskutiert, warum Lohnarbeit in Europa quer durch die verschiedenen Länder als strukturell krisenhaft angesehen werden muss. Um diese Frage zu beantworten, werden nicht einzelne nationale Sozial- und Arbeitspolitiken diskutiert, sondern es wird das aktuelle europäische Produktionsregime insgesamt betrachtet. Im Zentrum der Analyse steht der Zusammenhang von Transnationalisierung von Produktion und vielfacher und dynamischer sozialräumlicher Fragmentierung der Arbeitsprozesse.
Ernst Michael Preininger and Robert Hafner
Geogr. Helv., 76, 249–260,Short summary
Digital technologies are changing the way farms look and operate. To understand the implications, we analysed functionalities of an Austrian start-up which lets customers take care of plots of acres virtually and from their homes. In this system, technology proposes decisions, and there is no classic farmer any more. Our example shows the manifold new potential that powerful and smart technologies can have for food production, but it also shows the threats to farmers.
Katrin Schade, Susan Radisch, Marcus Hübscher, and Johannes Ringel
Geogr. Helv., 76, 233–248,Short summary
Small and medium-sized cities in rural areas that are affected by emigration need support. These cities are often lacking the financial and human resources to address resulting problems such as vacant city centers. The study shows that the city competition "Ab in die Mitte! Die City-Offensive Sachsen" supports such cities through project fundings and promotes knowledge exchange between cities. The funding is small but helps to stimulate positive change.
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