Articles | Volume 78, issue 3
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Challenging global changes in a post-revolutionary context: the case of irrigated olive growing in central Tunisia
Pepita Ould Ahmed
Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France
UMR CESSMA, Paris, France
Department of Geography, Université Paris Cité, Paris, France
UMR CESSMA, Paris, France
Department of Geography, Université Paris Cité, Paris, France
UMR PRODIG, Aubervilliers, France
UR SYFACTE, Sfax, Tunisia
UMR PRODIG, Aubervilliers, France
Department of Geography, Université Perpignan Via Domitia, Perpignan, France
UMR ART-Dev, Perpignan, France
Related subject area
Human GeographyAdaptive governance as bricolageArrival brokers as a key component of the arrival infrastructure: how established migrants support newcomersIntentionality and visibility in state- and society-led climate approaches: towards a more comprehensive understanding of local adaptation initiativesInfrastructures in the context of arrival – multidimensional patterns of resource access in an established and a new immigrant neighborhood in GermanyThe open society and its life chances – from Karl Popper via Ralf Dahrendorf to a human geography of options and ligaturesGerman Theory als Geographie im Konjunktiv, oder: „Was nie geschrieben wurde, lesen“„Diskursiv-konsensual ausgerichtete Konfliktregelung“? Versuche der Versachlichung und die Widerständigkeit von Emotionen im Umgang mit AtommüllThe contested environmental futures of the Dolomites: a political ecology of mountainsUnruly waters: exploring the embodied dimension of an urban flood in Bangkok through materiality, affect and emotionsLandscape and its possible “new” relevance: ethics and some forgotten narratives on human mobilityFraming REDD+: political ecology, actor–network theory (ANT), and the making of forest carbon marketsProduction of knowledge on climate change perception – actors, approaches, and dimensions„Just human“ – Eine phänomenologische und philosophisch-anthropologische Perspektive auf unser leibliches Mensch-Umwelt-VerhältnisWhat is lost from climate change? Phenomenology at the “limits to adaptation”Overview: Für eine (Neu-)Theoretisierung und (Neu-)Methodologisierung bevölkerungsrelevanter PhänomeneMackinder's “heartland” – legitimation of US foreign policy in World War II and the Cold War of the 1950sWissenschaftliche Episteme und Geltung. Von der Konstruktion zum DialogFriedrich Ratzel, géographie et sciences sociales en France (1890–1918) – Centralité et distanciationsWas sind kulturelle Gedächtnisräume? – Erinnern, Raum und das kulturelle Gedächtnis nach Aleida und Jan AssmannDependent or not? From a daily practice of Earth observation research in the Global South to promoting adequate developmental spaces in science and technology studiesSensing weather: scientific and experiential modes of knowledge production for small-scale farming in western KenyaGroßraum versus Lebensraum. Die Interdependenzen geographischer, juristischer und rassenbiologischer OrdnungsvorstellungenRatzel contre la géopolitique ? Référence allemande et géographie politique dans la géographie française de l'entre-deux-guerresResonanz und Rezeption. Werk und Wirkung Friedrich Ratzels im internationalen VergleichApplying Friedrich Ratzel's political and biogeography to the debate on natural borders in the Italian context (1880–1920)Das Theater mit den Wissenschaften: Affektive Atmosphären einer künstlerisch-kollaborativen Bearbeitung der Klimakrise„Wir sind hier, wir sind laut“ – Artikulationen von Emotionen der Nähe auf FahrraddemonstrationenDal Lebensraum allo spazio vitale – la ricezione politica del pensiero di Ratzel in Italia, 1900–1943Modellierung klimaneutraler Energielandschaften – eine kritische Reflexion regionaler Strategien zum Ausbau erneuerbarer Energien unter Berücksichtigung des Zwei-Grad-ZielsPerspektivenwechsel der Politischen Ökologie – Back to the roots!Mortalität aus kritischer Perspektive sehen – Plädoyer für eine kritische Diskussion struktureller Einflüsse auf die SterblichkeitCarceral Geographies/Geographien des Einschlusses: ein neues Feld für die deutschsprachige Geographie?A theory for the “Anglo-Saxon mind”: Ellen Churchill Semple's reinterpretation of Friedrich Ratzel's AnthropogeographieAnthropogeographie im Anthropozän, der Anthropos und darüber hinaus: Lektüre von Helmuth PlessnerBetween climates of fear and blind optimism: the affective role of emotions for climate (in)actionCross-fertilizing knowledge, translation, and topologies: learning from urban housing policies for policy mobility studiesShifting spatial patterns in German population trends: local-level hot and cold spots, 1990–2019Imaginäre Naturverhältnisse: Psychoanalytische Einsichten zur Herstellung ontologischer Sicherheit in Berlin, Vancouver und SingapurBlended finance, transparent data, and the complications of waters' multiple ontologiesGeographien von Wahlkampf, Medien und Gewalt: Extrem rechte Bewegungen aus assemblagetheoretischer PerspektiveSwiss human geographies lecture 2019 tourism troubles: feminist political ecologies of land and body in PanamaQualitative visualisation – perspectives and potentials for population geographyGlobalizing geography before Anglophone hegemony: (buried) theories, (non-)traveling concepts, and “cosmopolitan geographers” in San Miguel de Tucumán (Argentina)Abolitionistische Impulse für eine Sozialgeographie institutioneller RäumeMore than words: Comics als narratives Medium für Mehr-als-menschliche GeographienFamily and space – an interpretive perspective on two central concepts in population geographyDas tansanische Reisfeld als lebendes Labor? Eigenlogiken des Übersetzungsprozesses einer technologiezentrierten Pilotstudie in ein AgrarentwicklungsprojektMistranslating refuge crops: analyzing policy mobilities in the context of Indian Bt cotton productionKritisches Kartieren als reflexive Praxis qualitativer Forschung“It makes the buzz” – putting the demographic dividend under scrutiny
Fanny Frick-Trzebitzky, Rossella Alba, and Kristiane Fehrs
Geogr. Helv., 78, 397–409,Short summary
Institutional bricolage and socio-technical tinkering are lenses that expose everyday entanglements, arrangements and processuality in governance. We combine both lenses to analyse adaptive water governance in Accra, Ghana, and Mansfeld-Südharz, Germany. We conclude that the bricolage perspective contributes to bringing multiple forms of being and knowing into engagement when envisioning adaptive water governance in the Anthropocene.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 381–391,Short summary
The article shows that new immigrants in arrival neighbourhoods can draw on the experience of previous immigrants, who pass on their arrival-specific knowledge. The research is part of a PhD thesis, in which the relevance of arrival infrastructures for the arrival process of immigrants is investigated. The findings of this article are based on 17 interviews with established migrants in an arrival neighbourhood in the German city of Dortmund.
Peter Eckersley, Wolfgang Haupt, Viviana Wiegleb, Jens Niewind, and Antje Otto
Geogr. Helv., 78, 369–380,Short summary
Research into climate adaptation may neglect activities that are (1) not undertaken by government bodies, (2) not designed specifically to reduce the potential impact of climate threats and/or (3) not labelled explicitly as
adaptation. We present a framework to examine these under-explored initiatives and draw on two studies of municipalities and small businesses in Germany to highlight various activities that contribute to climate resilience but are largely unintentional and/or hidden.
Nihad El-Kayed and Leoni Keskinkılıc
Geogr. Helv., 78, 355–367,Short summary
We analyze different kinds of local infrastructures in an established and in a rather new immigrant neighborhood in Germany and compare how they shape the arrival of refugees who have come to Germany since 2014/15. The results show that we need to understand infrastructures and the way they shape arrival in a multidimensional way that includes inclusive as well as exclusive aspects of local infrastructures, specifying for whom infrastructures work in an inclusive or exclusive way.
Olaf Kühne, Laura Leonardi, and Karsten Berr
Geogr. Helv., 78, 341–354,Short summary
The struggle for life chances, especially in the context of related social conflicts, is a global phenomenon, although the concept originated in the German-speaking world. Using a case study of possible conflicts over space and landscape, the relevance of these four approaches for spatial research and human geography, as well as for dealing with space- or landscape-related conflicts, is demonstrated.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 325–336,Short summary
In this paper, I approach German Theory as a conjunctive geography: as something that could, but did not take place. I explore the reasons why there is no German Theory (yet) by tracing the Foucault reception in German language geography and the German humanities. I study why these two variants of a
German Foucaulthave not traveled to Anglophone geography. Finally, I speculate what could have happened had the German Foucault traveled to Anglophone geography.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 309–323,Short summary
Managing radioactive waste is a highly emotional issue. From an ethnographic perspective, the article examines how emotions and affects are voiced and represented by the actors involved in the ongoing site selection process in Germany. This opens up a field of tension in which emotions and affects are once marginalized in order to make the procedure objective. At the same time emotions and affects emerge as a resource for engagement in interaction.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 295–307,Short summary
My paper reflects on mountain environmental futures by bringing into dialogue political ecology and mountain geographies. The Dolomites show contested environmental futures and their politicization between accumulation by sustainability ideas and radical environmental visions. Moreover, they encompass experiences and practices that envision the convivial conservation perspective and could advance the political ecology of the mountain with specific regard to the Global North.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 281–290,Short summary
We need to consider the emotional and bodily ways in which we connect to the ecologies of the city. This paper joins such efforts and explores the flood experiences of a diverse group of Bangkokians during the 2011 inundation. The paper attends to the interactions between social forces and material forces that shaped the flooding event and contributes nuanced insights about the embodied and emotional experiences of floods within the delta city.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 267–280,Short summary
This article aims to provide a reinterpretation of the concept of landscape and to investigate, in some respects, its possible
newrelevance. I argue that the possible
newrelevance of landscape also lies in some forgotten ethical narratives on mobility that it has inherited from its chorographic roots. The final section is dedicated to the theoretical contributions that the chorographic side of landscape can provide to some contemporary debates on mobility and to geographic ideas of ethics.
Juliane Miriam Schumacher
Geogr. Helv., 78, 255–265,Short summary
New theoretical approaches like actor–network theory have become influential in human geography, questioning previous approaches to addressing human–environment relations. In this paper, I use the example of a controversial, forest-based climate protection scheme, REDD+, to show how these approaches are changing research foci and practices – from an analysis of the neoliberalization of nature to the making of markets and from the effects on human users to those on non-humans.
Anika Zorn, Susann Schäfer, and Sophie Tzschabran
Geogr. Helv., 78, 241–253,Short summary
Adapting to the impacts of climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time. How we perceive climate change impacts plays an important role in this. Our study shows that previous research on climate change perceptions predominantly examines affected actors and their individual behavior, neglecting perceptions of decision-makers and perceptions of the collective and institutional level of climate change. This desideratum may contribute to a lack of perspectives on adaptation policies.
Thomas Dörfler and Eberhard Rothfuß
Geogr. Helv., 78, 223–240,Short summary
This contribution would like to give an introduction to the anthropologically and phenomenologically founded philosophy of corporeality, which can be connected to human geography, in order to enable a deeper understanding of our human-environment relationship. That is, because Phenomenology and Philosophical Anthropology are still marginal in human geography as a source of knowledge of spatial-social facts.
Maximilian Gregor Hepach and Friederike Hartz
Geogr. Helv., 78, 211–221,Short summary
Our paper develops a theoretical framework to help one understand what is lost when changes due to climate change are irreversible. In particular, we focus on the existential aspect of such loss as opposed to, for instance, the economic aspect. We argue that phenomenological theory can help one appreciate the full existential nature of loss from climate change, namely not only the loss of objects or even land but also the loss of whole ways of relating to the world.
Mathias Siedhoff, Birgit Glorius, and Jeannine Wintzer
Geogr. Helv., 78, 199–205,Short summary
The authors of this editorial call for a more consistent opening of population geography in epistemological, methodological and theoretical respects. They want to point out possibilities of connection to debates that have already found a firm place in other fields of human geography. At the same time, it is a concern to emphasize the necessity of continuously subjecting the discussion of the phenomenon of population to critical scrutiny, both within (human) geography and outside of it.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 183–197,Short summary
Halford J. Mackinder's heartland theory became one of the most popular and cited geopolitical concepts in the 20th century. Through a complex process of trans- and international reception and adaption, the theory lost its attachment to its original geographical and historical parameters. Its translation from text into a simplified representation in maps accompanied the process of popularization and made the theory an instrument of legitimizing political actions in the public sphere.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 169–182,Short summary
Scientific freedom involves three aspects: Freedom as power and privilege, freedom as a right of defence, and freedom as autonomy for self-regulation. But how to decide in science when science itself has marked all scientific criteria as contingent? At this point, the article proposes to acknowledge the decision-making challenges in science, to engage in theory-theoretical dialogues and thus to preserve autonomy.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 157–167,Short summary
At the end of XIXth century, French authors shared a posture that mixed admiration and criticism toward German science. Reference to Ratzel was used both for structuring human geography and feeding a struggle between geographers and other social scientists. Divergences with Ratzel’s work deepened during the war and lead geographers to revisit his key notion, Raum, by giving it a pragmatic sense in the light of pangermanism and interpreting it not as mere expanse but as a process of enlargement.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 143–155,Short summary
The cultural memory of Aleida and Jan Assmann has received little recognition in international geography. However, by focusing on the concerns of a geographical study of places of memory, it is possible to develop a spatially oriented conception of cultural memory spaces based on the assumption that places of memory cannot be a storage, but only an anchor for memories.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 105–130,Short summary
Policymakers and academics primarily discuss the use of data from Earth observation (EO) satellites by developing countries, to promote development, at a theoretical level. Accordingly, based on interviews and other methods, this paper looks at practices and experiences of researchers, who use such data in southwest Nigeria, arguing that we need to develop more collaborative and appreciative perspectives on science in developing countries to address our global challenges.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 87–98,Short summary
Drawing on qualitative research on the production and use of weather information for small-scale farmers in western Kenya in the context of a changing climate, this paper shows how navigating the uncertainties of the weather is enabled by a combination of scientific and experiential knowledge. Inspired by work in science and technology studies, I argue that these different forms of knowing should not be treated in opposition but as connected resources through which farmers relate to their world.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 75–85,Short summary
This article analyses the transformation of geographic, international legal and racial-biological relations within large-scale theories. The change in discourse implies the question of the extent to which geographical knowledge was relevant for the Nazi extermination policy; at the same time, the focus is on the shift from a description of human communities based on natural laws to an action-based programme of racial-biological homogenization.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 65–74,Short summary
The French geographers of the inter-war period considered the figure of Ratzel with admiration and criticism and tried to go beyond his work, and even to use it against his heirs, in particular the supporters of Geopolitik. Throughout the crises and world wars that gave him a persistent relevance, his image oscillated between that of a precursor scholar and a
bad teacherof geography, largely responsible for Germany's excesses and territorial ambitions.
Ulrike Jureit and Patricia Chiantera-Stutte
Geogr. Helv., 78, 59–63,Short summary
The text explains the main topics and conceptual arguments of the theme issue on the diverse reception of Ratzel's spatial theories in Italy, France, Germany and the USA. The focus is both on the different national academic traditions and on an interdisciplinary approach. The work and impact of Friedrich Ratzel between 1880 and 1945 are examined in the perspective of a history of transformation based on the history of knowledge.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 41–52,Short summary
The paper examines the contribution of Italian academic geography to the processes of nation-building between ca. 1880–1920, especially in defining the national space and its boundaries. Italian geographers were particularly influenced by new approaches introduced by German scholars such as Friedrich Ratzel. Scientific theories and representations proved highly significant in influencing the political debate.
Geogr. Helv., 78, 15–27,Short summary
This article examines a collaborative theatre project on the climate crisis from an autoethnographic perspective. The collaboration of scientists and artists created affective atmospheres that opened up spaces for reflection on scientific practice in the context of posthumanist theories: To what extend do we perceive our material environment as powerful? How are bodies and affects entangled in knowledge production? In what ways we still reproduce dualisms and fixed identities?
Philip Boos and Gesa Jessen
Geogr. Helv., 78, 1–13,Short summary
Wir untersuchen wie BürgerInneninitiativen im Kontext emotionalisierter Umweltwahrnehmungen Rhetoriken von Nähe nutzen, um sichere Fahrradinfrastruktur einzufordern. Wir zeigen durch Bild- und Sprachanalysen wie Anliegen von Sicherheit und Lebensqualität in einer Sprache der Nähe artikuliert werden. Nahes wird so zum Eigenen und Selbstbestimmten. Diese Raumaneignungen markieren Fahrraddemonstrationen als relevante Protestform, die Emotionen transformieren und Umweltwahrnehmungen intensivieren.
Geogr. Helv., 77, 547–558,Short summary
The paper explores the reception and re-elaboration of Friedrich Ratzel's political geography in Italy from the beginning of the 20th century to the Second World War, by focusing on the concept of
spazio vitale(living space) and its use by fascist intellectuals and propagandists, who promoted expansionism and the trilateral collaboration with Germany and Japan.
Stephan Bosch and Dominik Kienmoser
Geogr. Helv., 77, 523–546,Short summary
We modelled potential regional energy landscapes that can be derived from the two-degree target and visualised them based on Geographical Information Systems by using five scenarios involving changes to the planning guidelines. The analyses reveal that the development of a carbon-neutral energy system is possible. Yet the potential spatial patterns of renewable energies differ considerably.
Helmut J. Geist
Geogr. Helv., 77, 511–522,Short summary
Political ecology emerged half a century ago and was introduced in German speaking countries twenty years later. The article evaluates perspectives (views, arguments, positions) of the first generation of research and compares them with second generation research. It is argued that old and new approaches are to be blamed for their ambivalence towards policy. With a focus on emancipatory perspectives, a repositioning is suggested on radical geography roots.
Geogr. Helv., 77, 505–510,Short summary
With this contribution (which is designed as a positioning), the author pleads for a more consistent consideration of structural influences in the discussion of mortality in (textbook) population geography, and for a critical discussion of these influences. He refers to various conceptions that already have fixed places in human geography – but not in population geography – and that offer starting points for corresponding discussions.
Marina Richter and Anna Katharina Schliehe
Geogr. Helv., 77, 487–498,Short summary
While a broad debate on carceral geographies has been part of human geography and related disciplines in English-speaking academia, there are only scarce publications among German-speaking geographers. This special issue aims at bringing different researchers and their rich and diverse research insights in the carceral field into a dialogue.
Geogr. Helv., 77, 467–478,Short summary
This paper examines the intellectual relationship between the influential American geographer Ellen Churchill Semple and her professor, the German geographer Friedrich Ratzel. Semple clearly developed her own theory of anthropogeography from a reading of Ratzel. But she did so in a political context, i.e. post-slavery North America. Her theory clearly expresses that context and her dissatisfaction with particular elements in Ratzel's corpus.
Serge Middendorf, Sebastian Purwins, and Christina Walter
Geogr. Helv., 77, 459–466,Short summary
In (Anthropo-)Geography, especially in the Anthropocene, the question of what constitutes the human is of utmost interest. In the process, this
humanis often strangely assumed to be self-evident, almost (self-)explanatory. In the sense of a German Theory, we want to encourage to pose these question on the human anew with Helmuth Plessner and to point out new possible answers. Otherwise these questions are in danger of withering away into a
Lena Maria Schlegel
Geogr. Helv., 77, 421–431,Short summary
Emotions play an underestimated role for how humans make meaning about their place in the world and respond to problems. What is most puzzling about climate inaction is that it occurs in spite of the overwhelming knowledge about the problem at stake. By looking at how emotions connect knowledge and action in how humans respond to environmental problems, we can better understand how climate inaction can persist and how transformative change might be enabled.
Geogr. Helv., 77, 405–416,Short summary
This article reviews concepts for understanding how urban housing policies are mobilized in between cities and localized in particular contexts. The article brings geographical understandings of local knowledge, translation, and topological thinking into conversation with the contemporary mobilities turn in housing studies. The article offers a nuanced conceptualization of the movement of housing policies in between cities and enhances future empirical studies on urban housing policy.
Tim Leibert, Manuel Wolff, and Annegret Haase
Geogr. Helv., 77, 369–387,Short summary
Population development of German municipalities is characterised by pronounced regional disparities. In recent years, we have witnessed population growth in most large cities and their suburban hinterlands and shrinkage in structurally weak rural areas. We shed new light on the patterns, trends and drivers of population development between 1990 and 2019. Using spatial autocorrelation and hot-spot–cold-spot analysis, we identify short- and long-term population trajectories.
Lucas Pohl and Ilse Helbrecht
Geogr. Helv., 77, 389–401,Short summary
In den letzten Jahren hat die Wissenschaft vermehrt das "Ende der Natur" proklamiert. Im Anthropozän verliert die Natur ihre Existenz als Gegenpol zur menschlichen Welt, was zu tiefgreifenden Verunsicherungen der Subjekte führt. Im Gegensatz hierzu zeigen wir auf, dass die Natur - als phantastischer Raum jenseits des Alltags - auch unter heute noch sicherheitsstiftend auf Subjekte wirkt und adressieren hierbei auch die Ambivalenzen und Probleme, die mit dieser Persistenz der Natur einhergehen.
Geogr. Helv., 77, 357–367,Short summary
This article questions an essentialist view of modern water, finding new relevance regarding models of
blended financethat rely on transparent data of digital systems to close the financing gap in water provision. Ethnographically tracing the implementation of pay-as-you-go (PAYGo) water dispensers in two settings in Kenya, I show that the transparent performance data form part of the enactment of only one water reality amidst multiple waters in relation to their sociotechnical environments.
Thilo Wiertz and Tobias Schopper
Geogr. Helv., 77, 345–356,Short summary
The article suggests that assemblage theory offers a fruitful approach to study territorializing and de-territorializing tendencies of far-right movements given its relational approach to discourses, materialities and affects. It redirects attention to the geographies of election battles, helps to interrogate the mediated geopolitics of far-right movements, and allows examining the territorialization of discourses and affects by considering differentiating geographies of fear and anger.
Geogr. Helv., 77, 327–340,Short summary
This paper highlights the continuity of settler-colonial relations within tourism landscapes. This work highlights how land control is both material and embodied.
Kristine Beurskens, Frank Meyer, and Francis Harvey
Geogr. Helv., 77, 317–322,Short summary
Population geography shows a marked trend towards the increased relevance of qualitative research methods. The article discusses how the visualisation of qualitative research in particular has the potential to provide impulses for progressive developments of both theoretical and methodological dimensions of population geography research. The opportunities call for systematic exploration and exchange on qualitative visualisation and on the conditions for its further development.
Gerhard Rainer and Simon Dudek
Geogr. Helv., 77, 297–311,Short summary
This paper aims to contribute to discussions on the development of language-based
schools of thoughtin geography and how these are mobilized and de- and recontextualized when they travel beyond their origins. Against this backdrop, we study why, how and with what consequences German geographical knowledge traveled to Argentina in the 1940s following the employment of the four German geography professors Wilhelm Rohmeder, Gustav Fochler-Hauke, Fritz Machatschek and Willi Czajka in Tucumán.
Geogr. Helv., 77, 289–295,Short summary
This intervention argues for a German carceral geography that takes the framework of abolition seriously to develop a deeper understanding and critique of the exercise of power in institutional spaces. My claim is that we need to adapt abolition as a theoretical perspective and form of knowledge that allows us to expand the analysis of carceral practices and rationalities beyond imprisonment to include other institutional spaces of racialising, classing and disabling marginalisation.
Geogr. Helv., 77, 271–287,Short summary
This paper investigates the potential of comics in more-than-human geographies, arguing that graphic narratives emerge as productive tools to reveal
the in_betweenof humans and nonhumans. It further describes an exemplary approach to a collaborative comic and how visceral or nonverbal aspects in human-animal relations can be expressed and experienced, using the empirical study of returning wolves to Switzerland.
Giulia Montanari and Tino Schlinzig
Geogr. Helv., 77, 255–262,Short summary
Population geography presents a strong conceptual orientation on demography, a discipline which relies mainly on quantitative studies. Many of the concepts used in this field seem to have only very limited value for understanding ongoing processes of societal changes. Under the umbrella of
family studiesconceptual and methodical approaches are to be found that help reconsider established assumptions related to the term
population, such as the notion of
Geogr. Helv., 77, 239–252,Short summary
My ethnographic work in a technological pilot project in southern Tanzania provides insights into the test of an AI system to foster agriculture based on digital information in order to boost the development of rural areas. The experimental combination of a development project and the testing of a digital technology perpetuates the metaphor of Tilley's "Africa as a living laboratory", especially in the postcolonial context, and calls for a critical approach to these ventures.
Katharina Najork and Markus Keck
Geogr. Helv., 77, 213–230,Short summary
We follow the refuge crop policy adopted worldwide to delay the evolution of pest resistance in insects to genetically engineered cotton. We aim to deconstruct the prevalent narrative of accusing farmers for not complying with insect resistance management strategies as we adopt the perspectives of subaltern actors involved in the refuge policy assemblage. Methodologically, we applied a literature review, document analysis and descriptive and interpretative statistics, and cluster analysis.
Geogr. Helv., 77, 153–163,Short summary
Qualitative research in geography and visual geographies have an ambivalent relationship with maps. Reasons for this are manifold. Based on current discussions in geography and beyond, this article explores and systematizes practices of critical mapping in order to explore new connections between visual approaches of qualitative geographies and maps.
Michael Hilbig, Elke Loichinger, and Bernhard Köppen
Geogr. Helv., 77, 141–151,Short summary
The demographic dividend (DD) is one of the most important concepts within development cooperation. It was high time that the concept of the DD was put under scrutiny. Our findings reveal that simplistic demographic explanations for economic growth are appealing to political leaders and decision makers. We argue that the promotion of the DD to decision makers works as a low-level vehicle to achieve support for broader sets of multi-sectoral policies, which we call a
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Our research in central Tunisia shows how olive growers are implementing strategies to respond to a triple problem: a capitalist agriculture that depends on global governance, climatic changes that are observed through a decrease in rainfall at the regional scale of the Mediterranean Basin and post-revolution political changes at the local scale.
Our research in central Tunisia shows how olive growers are implementing strategies to respond...