Articles | Volume 78, issue 1
Standard article
24 Jan 2023
Standard article |  | 24 Jan 2023

Applying Friedrich Ratzel's political and biogeography to the debate on natural borders in the Italian context (1880–1920)

Matteo Proto

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Cited articles

Armiero, M.: A rugged nation: mountains and the making of modern Italy, The Withe Horse Press, ISBN 9781874267645, 2011. 
Atkinson, D.: Geopolitical imaginations in modern Italy, in: Geopolitical Traditions: Critical Histories of a Century of Geopolitical Thought, edited by: Dodds, K. and Atkinson, D., Routledge, 93–117, ISBN 9780415172486, 2000. 
Barua, M.: Ratzel's biogeography: a more-than-human encounter, J. Hist. Geogr., 61, 102–108,, 2018.  
Battisti, C.: Il Trentino. Cenni geografici, storici, economici con un'appendice sull'Alto Adige, Istituto Geografico De Agostini, 1915. 
Battisti, C.: La Venezia Giulia: cenni geografico-statistici, Istituto Geografico De Agostini, 1920. 
Short summary
The paper examines the contribution of Italian academic geography to the processes of nation-building between ca. 1880–1920, especially in defining the national space and its boundaries. Italian geographers were particularly influenced by new approaches introduced by German scholars such as Friedrich Ratzel. Scientific theories and representations proved highly significant in influencing the political debate.